The sea

The sea is both a barrier and a route of communication for islanders; while it separates people and causes the loss of life, it also opens paths to new worlds and offers opportunities for prosperity.

Cyprus was initially settled by people who came across the sea from the surrounding mainlands (Levant and/or Anatolia). During the Neolithic period, although marine resources were exploited to a considerable extent, sea travel and maritime contacts were limited. When sailing and navigation technologies advanced in the late 3nd and 2nd millennium BC, however, Cyprus evolved into a major centre of maritime communication and trade.

Ship models, remains of ancient shipwrecks, and vast amounts of imports and exports testify to the crucial role of the sea for the economy and culture of ancient Cyprus.

Not only traders and commodities moved through the sea, though. High-quality artefacts were also exchanged, and often itinerant craftsmen followed the routes of merchants. Artistic interaction was intense in the ancient Mediterranean, and gave rise to fascinating mixtures and amalgamations. Cypriot art, in particular, was in constant dialogue with the art of the Egyptians, the Levantines and Phoenicians, and the Greeks.